Endodontics / Root Canals
Endodontics is the field of dentistry that deals with the pulp inside teeth. Although endodontics involves many treatments and procedures, the most common one by far is endodontic therapy, commonly known as a root canal or root canal therapy.
Endodontic therapy is performed when the pulp of the tooth has become so infected that the loss of the tooth is at risk.
In order to avoid this, the dentist drills through the top layers of the tooth to the pulp in the center. He or she then removes the pulp, which is composed of nerves, blood vessels and other types of tissue.
Once the pulp is removed, the dentist cleans and disinfects the space where the pulp used to be. The name of this space is the root canal, and it gives the procedure its common name. Afterwards, the dentist fills the root canal, typically with a special type of dental cement and seals the canal. Depending on the damage that the tooth has suffered, a reconstruction of the tooth has to be placed on top of what remains of the original tooth, typically a crown.